Navigating energy regulation
This page contains information and resources designed to make understanding energy regulation easy. We’ve targeted this information to the most common regulatory questions we expect our users to have. If your question or idea isn’t covered by these resources, we can still help, and we encourage you to get in touch.
An interactive tool that provides a high-level summary of licensing, registration and authorisation requirements which could apply to electricity services, and natural gas services in jurisdictions covered by the National Energy Market and the Northern Territory. The summary also includes information potential exemptions from those requirements, and links to the websites of the relevant market bodies and jurisdictional regulators for further information. The Regulation Navigator is not intended as a substitute for obtaining legal or regulatory advice or engaging with the relevant regulator.
Regulatory use cases
Regulatory use cases use hypothetical scenarios and business models to help you identify regulatory obligations and issues, so you can adjust your business model, or approach the Energy Innovation Toolkit for informal guidance or regulatory relief.
Hypothetical case study mapping the coordination of wind generation, residential solar PV Solar panels capture the energy of sunlight which is converted into electricity. This is known as a photovoltaic system, usually called solar PV. , a battery energy storage system Energy storage systems are devices that convert the electrical energy from power systems and store energy in order to supply electrical energy at a later time when needed. These include batteries and pumped-hydro facilities. , and information and communication systems, to create a 100% renewable energy supply servicing a coastal community with a population of 1,500, including infrastructure to enable EV charging stations.
Particularly relevant for: microgrid Any system supplying multiple customers not physically connected to the grid. Includes anything from a large town to two farms connected to each other. Generation sources typically include solar PV, wind turbines and small-scale gas generators and diesel engines. Alternatively, microgrids are electricity networks that can be isolated and operated independently of the interconnected electricity system (or “grid”). operators, local governments, community groups, universities, embedded network In some sites (typically apartment blocks, retirement villages, caravan parks and shopping centres) the electrical wiring is configured in such a way as to enable the owner of the site to sell energy to all the tenants or residents based there. This is known as an embedded network. The owner of a site with an embedded network usually buys energy from an energy retailer and then ‘on sells’ the energy to the different consumers at the site. In some situations, the energy sold by the owner may be generated on site. Most people that sell energy in embedded networks are known as ‘exempt sellers’. They have obtained an exemption from retail authorisation requirements, and must comply with particular conditions (as opposed to all obligations prescribed on retailers in the National Energy Retail Law (NERL) and National Energy Retail Rules (NERR). operators, developers, strata owners’ corporations, owners of commercial precincts or shopping centres
Hypothetical case study exploring a shared community battery Community batteries (also called community-scale batteries) are energy storage systems connected at the distribution level which allow, among other things, households that generate their own solar power to store their excess electricity in shared storage for later use. These energy storage systems typically have power capacities of 100kW up to 5MW and can be used to provide energy storage solutions that deliver benefits to customers, networks and the market more broadly. established by a local energy cooperative, providing electricity to a population of 5,000, offering revenue to community investors, storage services, peer-to-peer trading Peer-to-peer trading is the direct buying and selling of energy between two or more grid-connected parties. , network support services, and energy and wholesale market ancillary services Services that are essential to the management of power system security, facilitate orderly trading in electricity and ensure that electricity supplies are of acceptable quality. These services are managed by the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) to maintain standards for frequency, voltage, network loading, and system restart processes. .
Particularly relevant for: battery operators, battery providers, community groups, local governments, private investors
Hypothetical case study exploring a web-based analytics service to help businesses to better manage and track their EVs, including installation and operation of EV charge points at a business’ premise and the sale of electricity from the charge points to the fleet owner.
Particularly relevant for: charge point operators, charge point infrastructure providers, local governments, electric vehicle (EV) users, fleet operators, trade associations